Anne Henriette de Marigny Hyde de Neuville – French Painter

Anne Marguerite Henriette de Marigny Hyde de Neuville (1771-1849)

Jersey gem: Settled in New Brunswick

French Baroness Anne Marguerite Henriette de Marigny Hyde de Neuville secured the safe passage of her Royalist husband to America. After the French Revolution, the Baroness traveled alone across Europe to intercede with Napoleon on her husband’s behalf. In order for the couple to escape from France, she posed as her husband’s mother until they arrived safely in the United States in 1807.

The couple settled on a merino sheep farm in the New Brunswick area. For a number of years, they journeyed to New York City and various settlements along the Hudson River. After Napoleon was defeated and the King restored to the throne, the couple returned to France. However, the Baron was rewarded for his loyalty and named French Ambassador to the United States. The couple returned to the New World and resided in Washington, D.C.

Henriette produced watercolors, many of which survive today, that help demonstrate to modern historians the ways of life during that era. She often depicted scenes of Native American life and paintings of African Americans. Both were rather rare subjects for an artist to choose, especially one committed to keeping a monarchy in power.

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